The DACUM process for occupational analysis involves local men and women with reputations for being the “top performers” at their jobs, working on a short-term committee assignment with a qualified DACUM facilitator. Workers are recruited directly from business and industry. These workers become the Panel of Experts who collectively and cooperatively describe the occupation in the language of the occupation.
Its use with many companies, community colleges, and government agencies has shown the process to be very effective, quickly accomplished, and low cost.
The Panel works under the guidance of a trained facilitator for two days to develop the DACUM Research Chart. The chart contains a list of general areas of competence called DUTIES and the TASKS that define that duty. Brainstorming techniques are used to obtain the collective expertise and consensus of the Panel. As the Panel determines each task, it is written on a card. The cards are attached to the wall in front of the Panel. The completed chart is a graphic profile of the duties and tasks performed by successful workers in the occupation.
The Panel also identifies the general knowledge and skills required of successful workers, the tools, equipment, supplies, and materials used, the important worker behaviors essential for success, and the future trends and concerns likely to cause job changes. The process produces superior results for all levels – skilled, technical, supervisory, managerial, companies, community colleges, and professional organizations.
DACUM has multiple and subordinate uses such as Management Decision-Making, Human Resources/Organizational Development, Career Planning/Advising, Learner Assessment, certification and licensure. The process can be used for job analysis, occupational analysis, process analysis, functional analysis, and conceptual analysis.