The DACUM process for occupational analysis involves professionals with reputations for being the “top performers” at their jobs, working on a short-term committee assignment with a qualified DACUM facilitator. These professionals, recruited locally from business and industry, become the Panel of Experts who collectively and cooperatively describe the occupation in the language of the occupation.
Its use with many companies, community colleges, and government agencies has shown the process to be very effective, quickly accomplished, and low cost.
The panel also identifies the general knowledge and skills required of successful workers, the tools, equipment, supplies and materials used, the important worker behaviors essential for success, and the future trends and concerns likely to cause job changes. The process produces superior results for all levels – skilled, technical, supervisory, managerial, companies, community colleges, and professional organizations.
DACUM has multiple uses, such as Management Decision-Making, Human Resources/Organizational Development, Career Planning/Advising, Learner Assessment, certification and licensure. The process can also be used for job analysis, occupational analysis, process analysis, functional analysis, and conceptual analysis.
- DACUM is a job occupational analysis performed by expert workers in the occupation
- DACUM is an occupational skill profile which can be used for instructional program planning, curriculum development, training materials development, organizational restructuring, employee recruitment, training needs assessment, meeting ISO 9000 standards, career counseling, job descriptions, competency test development, and other purposes.
The DACUM philosophy states that:
- Expert workers can describe and define their jobs more accurately than anyone else.
- An effective way to define a job is to precisely describe the tasks that expert workers perform.
- All tasks, in order to be performed correctly, require certain knowledge, skills, tools, and worker behaviors.